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Publications Economy and agriculture

TraktorThis section contains SFAO audits related to agricultural and economic policy issues.

Audit Control of the transfer of war material - State Secretariat for Economic Affairs

In 2016, arms exports accounted for CHF 412 million or 0.14% of Swiss exports. The exports are approved by the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) or, depending on the type of transaction, also by the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA), other departments or the Federal Council.

Audit number: 17425

Audit Coordination and effectiveness of the support measures for agricultural biogas facilities and viability for the operators - Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Federal Office for the Environment, Federal Office for Agriculture

The anaerobic digestion of agricultural biomass is an ingenious process. It allows energy to be produced and green and food waste, as well as farmyard manure, to be exploited. However, this production is costly in terms of investment and operation. In Switzerland, nearly 100 agricultural biogas facilities transform organic matter into electricity and heat. In 2016, 116 GWh of electricity were produced, i.e. 0.24% of inland production. Its resale generate revenues of around CHF 5 million with a market price of 5 centimes per kWh.

Audit number: 17578

Audit Mineral oil tax refunds in agriculture - Federal Department of Finance, Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research, Federal Customs Administration, Federal Office for Agriculture

Mineral oil tax brings in CHF 4.7 billion a year for the Confederation. Fuels used in the agricultural sector get preferential treatment, as the tax is reduced by 77%. In this way, CHF 65 million is returned to 44,000 farmers each year. The Federal Department of Finance (FDF) is at the heart of the system. It has the power to set the refund rates and procedures. Implementation is delegated to the Federal Customs Administration (FCA).

Audit number: 17500